Lily of the Valley Plant | A Complete Guide
Lily of the Valley is noted for its distinctive perfume, which many associate with the arrival of spring. The delicate petals of lovely bell-shaped appear on arching stalks in early to mid-spring, followed by medium-green foliage that remains rich and glossy throughout the season.
Moreover, lily of the valley plants has been around since at least 1000 B.C. and are among the most aromatic floral plants in the northern temperate areas in early summer and the spring. The stems are decorated in tiny white nodding bell-shaped flowers with a delicious perfume, as well as mild green lance-shaped leaves that range from 4″ to 8″ (10 to 20 cm) in height and 3″ to 5″ (7.5 to 12.5 cm) in width. Thus, they are easy to grow and take care of.
Additionally, lilies of the valley crowns struggle to develop in wet and cold circumstances. Hence, it’s best to put them in pots in March and let them flourish indoors before taking them out. They’ll be mature enough to plant in your borders by mid-May.
If you do not know what is lily of the valley, you will know everything about Lily with our handy guide and how to plant lily of the valley and grow them. We have further answered many frequently answered questions at the end.
Lily of The Valley Features
The Botanical Name of this plant is “Convallaria majalis.”
They are commonly known as Lily of the valley, Mary’s tears, lady’s tears, May bells, and Mayflower.
Type of Plant
This is a Herbaceous, perennial plant type.
The plant is about 6″ to 12″ tall and 9″ to 12″ wide. The planting depth is nearly half an inch.
This plant prefers damp soil that isn’t too wet. So, water it when the soil starts drying out due to hot weather or a shortage of rainfall.
They prefer full sunlight, but the shade is best if you reside in a warmer portion of its blooming zones.
Rich and well-drained soil are preferred.
It prefers soil that is organically rich and has acidic to neutral pH.
Temperatures between 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit are most appropriate.
These plants are usually in white with different shades of beautification.
Zones of Hardiness
The hardiness zones are 3 to 8, USDA.
The primary area is Europe.
They are poisonous for animals and human beings.
Varieties of Lilies of The Valley
The common lily of the valley types flowers are,
Convallaria Majalis Albostriata
This variety has dark leaves with white to cream transverse lines.
Convallaria Majalis Aureomarginata
The leaves of this cultivar have a cream to yellow edging.
Convallaria Majalis Rosea
A pink variant that isn’t as hardy as the white-flowered plant but is nonetheless quite attractive.
Convallaria Majalis ‘Greene’
This species is native to North American and is excellent for organic ground cover. In addition, it creates a beautiful carpet between other natives.
Growing Lily of the Valley
In the spring, summer, and fall, lily of the valley seeds started blooming, providing additional water as needed. Thus, a weekly total of about 1″ of rain or irrigation is a decent approximation.
Please leave it in its place instead of chopping off the foliage at the end of the flowering season. The leaves will collect sunlight to produce food through photosynthesis, which will help the plants grow better and stronger.
If the color of leaves changes to yellow later in the season, remove the foliage. This plant provides a good evergreen groundcover in locations where the temperature is warm to somewhat cold.
Let it rest for a few months before starting the next growing cycle.
How to Grow Lily of the Valley?
You will be required following items,
- Lily of the valley crowns
- Multi-purpose, peat-free compost
Lily of the valley crowns cost roughly £4 for 15 in garden shops and online. Plant them in pots first because they’re difficult to establish in cold, moist soil outside.
If the roots appear to be dry, soak them in water for half an hour. Then, separate the crowns into individual crowns, each one with a branch and roots. One every 7 to 8 cm pot should be planted.
Place the shoot just above the surface of the compost in the pot. Put in a chilled greenhouse after watering. Continue to water and once the roots have filled the pot, plant it outside.
Tips & Tricks
Improve drainage by amending the soil with compost, finely crushed bark, or decomposed manure, as these plants do not flourish in wet conditions.
To assist your “pips” in getting ready to grow, soak them in lukewarm water for a couple of hours before planting. Then, fill the regular plastic bag with enough water to completely wet the peat. The “pips” will become swollen and harden a little.
Plant as soon as possible, as “pips” might dry up if left out for more than a week or ten days.
Top growth will develop rapidly, generally in a week or less, based on the amount of warmth available. Keep in mind that warmer environments promote more significant growth.
Trimming the petite flowers while they’re blooming for beautiful bouquets will not harm the plants. Besides, they form some of the loveliest flowers for small, scented bedside flower arrangements.
For continuous color, put hardy Gloxinia, miniature Hostas, or dwarf hardy Cannas in large containers.
Where to Plant Lily of the Valley?
Mostly, this plant prefers wet, well-drained soil and partial shade. Besides, it may tolerate full sun or full shade based on the moisture it receives. If water puddles appear 5–6 hours after heavy rain, look for a new location or enrich the soil with organic material to elevate the level 2″ to 3″ to promote drainage.
When to Plant?
Lily of the Valley must be placed by late fall to ensure a suitable hibernation period during the winter. The bending, bell-shaped white blooms are supposed to arrive at the beginning or mid spring; however, it may take a while to develop and bloom the first year.
Is Lily of the Valley Poisonous?
When consumed, the lily of the valley is extremely harmful to both animals and human beings. Pathogens are concentrated most heavily in the roots. Cardiac glycosides, which affect the heart, are found in all plant sections. Also, the orange-red fruits that attract children and animals like dogs have been found. Consuming even a small number of fruits or another component of them, on the other hand, can result in severe disease and, in rare cases, death. As a result, Lily of the valley is often avoided by wild animals.
You do not need to be worried about dealing with them, but make sure before consuming any foodstuff, wash your hands well.
The symptoms of poisoning after consuming the lily of the valley are
- Upset stomach,
Some other symptoms are
- Short heart rate,
- Cardiac arrest
- Cardiac arrhythmias,
Within 24 hours of consuming the plant, symptoms start appearing. However, even if no signs are evident, contact a medical expert as soon as possible if you suspect poisoning.
When to transplant lily of the valley?
These plants are prolific spreaders and should be parted every 3-5 years to ensure the most delicate plantings. Transferring lily of the valley in the fall, when the plant is inactive, is ideal.
How to transplant lily of the valley?
Dig up the little root systems (known as pips), gently divide them, and transplant 4 inches apart; the plants will swiftly fill in. After transplanting, give the plants plenty of water.
Where does lily of the valley grow best?
This plant grows best in partial shade.
How long does lily of the valley flowers last?
The plant blooms for three to four weeks in early to mid-spring. Their bloom season may start later and stretch into early summer in colder areas.
Should i plant lily of the valley?
Yes, if you know how and when to plant lily of the valley, you should plant them as they are most adaptable and easy to grow flowers.
Can i plant lily of the valley in spring?
Yes, you can. They should be seeded by late fall to ensure a suitable dormancy phase during the winter. However, you can plant them in the early beginning of spring.
How to care for lily of the valley plant?
Taking care of these plants is simple. Place your pots in a location where they will receive indirect sunshine. If you’re planting in the fall, keep the container indoors until spring. When it begins to flower in the spring, position it where the scent is most pleasing to you.
What does lily of the valley look Slike?
These flowers are bell-shaped and occur in a group on one side of a leafless stalk.
Convallaria majalis (Lily of the Valley) is a forest shrub known for its aromatic summer blossoms. It’s perfect for planting as a ground cover plant because of its low, spreading habit. Lilies of the valley grow best in a wet, shady location and expand slowly to develop dense clumps of rich, green leaves.
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