Canna Lily | Planting And Growing Tips


Canna lily is a tropical plant that grows in various colors like red canna lily, yellow canna lily, etc. Canna lilies are counted in the ornamental plants which have flat leaves. Canna rhizomes planting is very beneficial for humans and livestock as well. The amount of starch present in the canna rhizome is prosperous. There is extensive use of the canna lilies in agriculture. They are ornamental plants, so that is why they are famous for commercial use. People buy or grow red and yellow canna lily to decorate their house or garden. For canna, rhizome planting should be the right choice, and the area of growing the canna lily plant should be full sunny.

What Is An Indian Shot Plant?

Indian shot plant is another name of the canna lily plant. The reason is that the appearance of the canna lily resembles the shot bullets of the 18th and 19th centuries. They are also in demand throughout the world because people make earrings and necklaces. The Indian shot black beads are shiny, and people use these to hang them to make necklaces and earrings. Sometimes, people add silver beads and gemstone to give a stunning look to the chain or earrings. Have a look at the importance of the Indian shot plant in India.

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Scientific Name and Family of Canna Lily

The scientific name of the canna lily is Canna indicia or Canna edulis. It belongs to the family of Cornaceae. The common name is canna lily and Indian shot plant. They reach a height of about 11/2 to 8 feet, and the width about 11/2 to 6 inches to get maturity. Canna tubers require the site of full sun. There are canna lily varieties which will discuss soon. Canna lily zone 8 is not suitable for growth.

How Can People Consume The Canna Lily Plant?

The central part of the canna lily plant is edible to eat. A human can consume the roots of the canna lilies by baking them. They are also eatable as raw roots. The roots are full of a large amount of starch which is essential for a body. Check out some uses of the canna lily plant as an edible plant.

How Can Livestock Consume The Canna Lily Plant?

The livestock can eat the leaves of the canna lilies, which will be fine for the cows and other livestock animals. ASPCA has proven that livestock can be acceptable by eating the canna lily plant. There are no side effects on the livestock. Some other animals or pests that can eat canna lily plants as well. But they cause disease to the canna lily plant, review the pest and their causes. But you can go through some queries related to the livestock and Indian shot plant. Clear your confusion.

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Is Indian Shot Plants Are Toxic?

In many cultivations, the shape of the Indian shot is oblong. Canna indicia has a tiny seed, and people make different styles of seeds bracelets and gold earrings. But the origins of the Abrus precatorius are very toxic. They are in black and red seeds. When someone digests the seeds, then it will be fatal. The toxicity level in the rosary seeds is very high, so it is entirely unsafe to chew them or digest them even unintentionally. Here you will find the details about toxicity levels in the Indian shot plant.

Canna Lily Annual or Perennial?

Canna lilies are perennial tropical plants. They resemble the iris. The canna lily Indian shot plant has foliage, and the canna flower seeds are best to grow the canna lilies. These perennial canna plants are easy to grow, and they require not too much maintenance and care. Their foliage and flowers are durable for an extended period that help in keeping the garden colorful. Go through the different species of the Indian shot.

How to Grow Cannas in Pots?

Follow the steps for planting canna lily seeds in pots or containers.

  • Take the 16 inches pots. Try not to take a small than the 16 inches pot.
  • The pot should have a good drainage hole for graining the access amount of water.
  • The large pot helps the roots of the plant to grow strongly in an ample space.
  • It also gives the root a healthy system to develop a healthy plant.
  • Now, it’s time to put the potting soil into the large pot.
  • As the canna lily plant is a heavy feeder of fertilizer.
  • So before the plant, the canna lily seeds add a small amount of fertilizer into the potting soil.
  • Canna grows within four to six weeks in the winter season.
  • Canna grow indoors in four to six weeks before the spring season comes.
  • You have to care for the soil of the canna lily plant at that time.
  • Don’t let the earth over wet.
  • When the danger zone of frost climate has passed, move the pot to the outdoors for the following stages of growth.
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Canna Lily Varieties

Following are the various canna lily varieties. These are the most popular canna plant varieties. Otherwise, the canna plant has hundreds of types.

Canna King Humbert

This type of canna lily plant has dark bronze purple color foliage. It has large red to orange Indian shot flowers, and it belongs to an older or ancient variety.

Canna Shenandoah

This type of canna plant has burgundy leaves, and the canna lily flowers are pink in color.

Canna Tropicana

The canna lily plant has an orange flower. Leaves have different colors, strip-like burgundy, yellow, pink, and green, but it looks desirable.

Canna Pretoria:

The canna flowers grow in dual colors, and their foliage has a strip of green and yellow color. The bicolor and the different color foliage strip make it more unique and attractive.

Canna, the president

It has green foliage, which makes the perfect contrast with the sizeable scarlet canna lily flowers. The difference gives a breathtaking view of your garden.

Canna Stuttgart

There is a unique appearance of the foliage. There is a bold stripe of bold green and white foliage with orange canna flowers. It helps to give your garden view outstanding and eye-catching.

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How to Grow Cannas?

There is some vital need to grow the canna plant adequately.

How to Plant Canna Lilies?

These are the thing that should be available for planting the canna lily plant.

  • Canna tubers should be large, pulpy, and firm.
  • The present growth point in canna tubers should correlate with the total size of the canna plant.
  • It is also associated with the blossoms of the canna plant.
  • Try to choose the canna tuber with more growth points.
  • The reason is that there will be more chances for large plants and eye-catching flowers.
  • For significant growth, the growth point in the canna tuber should be approximately 3 to 5.
  • Now, choose the entire sun site are for growing canna lilies from bulbs.
  • The soil should be organic.
  • The drainage system should be well.
  • Soil should have enough moisture.
  • The canna plant can survive with the partial shade area. But it requires full sunlight for he canna flowers production.
  • But remember that partial shade does not need in winter climate only.
  • Otherwise, in a hot environment, partial shade requires for the flower production till the last stage.
  • Choose the area where the shelter is available.
  • The soil can improve by digging rot manure and garden compost.

Follow the steps to sow the canna lily seeds.

  • The seeds can sow in the spring season until the summer season.
  • During frost season, plant the canna lily seeds indoors.
  • The soil has an optimum temperature of about 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • If the soil temperature is low, from 65 degrees Fahrenheit, wait until the ground gets warm.
  • The canna lily seed should sow deep, approximately 4 inches.
  • The distance between each plant depends on the size of the canna lily plant.
  • Dwarf canna lily height is 18 inches, so the distance between each dwarf canna plant is 18 inches.
  • Medium and standard canna lily height plants should have a distance of about 2 feet.
  • The tall canna lily height plant should have a distance of about 3 feet.
  • Canna rhizomes planting should be a face tip.
  • Canna rhizomes planting requires water and soil for covering.
  • Mulching requires to avoid weeds growth and for preserving soil moisture.
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Canna Plant Care

Indian shot plant care is critical to growing the canna flower seeds.

  • Full sunlight is a crucial consideration for growing canna lily plants.
  • Full sunlight requires to help for the proper and vibrant growth of leaves and canna flower seeds.
  • Otherwise, they can also survive under a partial shade scorching climate.
  • Soil should have a pH range of about 6.0 to 6.5.
  • The drainage system should be adequate.
  • The pH range is best at 6.5 because the canna lily plant can survive a bit acidic soil.
  • The water supply should take place one or two times a week.
  • Overwater may cause rotting.
  • Soil should not get soggy. Keep it moist.
  • For cannas, avoid the outdoor frosting climate.
  • They can thrive even when the temperature reaches up to 90 degrees.
  • Canna lily zone 7 is best for production.
  • Canna plant is a heavy fertilizer feeder plant.
  • Apply a large amount of organic compost or fertilizer to the canna lilies.
  • But, when using organic matter, over-fertilizing can be dangerous to the canna plant.
  • Use a balanced diet of fertilizer in the growing season. For your convenience, you can look out the amount of fertilizer to provide.

How to Harvest Canna Lily Plant?

  • The canna seeds are a little dangerous when they are wet.
  • So wait until the seeds get dry.
  • Cut off the seeds pods below the stem of the canna plant.
  • Make sure that the appearance of the pods become black before harvesting.
  • The reason is the pod’s growth is at the place where the petals were growing, and they fall.
  • Remove all the debris from the canna lily seeds.
  • Use the screen to remove all moisture present in the seeds.
  • Keep them under the screen until you realize that the seeds are dehydrated. Then, you can watch out for the whole process of harvesting the canna lily plant right here!

How to Store Canna Lily?

  • Take a container to hold the harvested seeds.
  • You can use various types of containers like glass jars, zip bags, plastic bags, etc.
  • But make sure that the container is a sealed pack.
  • Don’t forget to mark the container with the help of tape and a marker.
  • Mark the date when you sow and harvest the canna lily plant. The detail of how to store canna lily bulbs can help you more. Go and check out.
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Canna Lily Propagation

  • Dividing canna lilies is the process of propagation.
  • By digging the can rhizomes and taking them apart for multiplying the canna lily plant is the propagation of the canna plant.
  • The best time to do this propagation process is in the early spring season or fall season.
  • When you are digging the rhizome o the canna plant, be very careful.
  • Gently digging will not let you destroy or damage the roots of the mother plant.
  • But harsh digging can cause a dangerous issue.
  • Cut off the plant above the ground growth.
  • Trim off at a one-inch distance from the stem.
  • Remove all the excess soil from the canna plant rhizome.
  • Cut apart the rhizome from each other.
  • Ensure that each rhizome has at least one or two growth points.
  • IN case the rhizome falls during separating, then you can preserve them for next season for replanting.
  • The cut-off rhizome sow in the soil at a depth of four to six inches. Read some other tips for propagation.


The canna lily plant is one of the famous plants. Suppose you are curious to see the appearance of the canna plant. Then go and watch out for some fascinating canna lily images of different canna lily varieties. People give priority to planting canna lily seeds in their garden to provide an eye-catching view. Indian lily has ornamental nature by blooming other colorful flowers, and the shot plant care is essential for blooming the red canna lily, yellow canna lily, orange canna lily, etc.

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