How To Grow Chrysanthemums?

If you want to add a splash of color to your garden, chrysanthemums might be the perfect plant. These flowers come in a variety of colors, and they’re easy to grow.

In this blog post, we’ll show you how to grow chrysanthemums so you can enjoy their beauty in your garden. Keep reading to learn more!

What Are Chrysanthemum?

Chrysanthemums are flowers that belong to the Compositae family and come in a wide variety of vibrant hues, shapes, and sizes.

This particular variety of daisies was first grown as a herb thought to have the power of life more than 600 years ago in China.

Chrysanthemums come in various flower colors, from brilliant white to rich bronze, and their tough plants are distinguished by their whole, dark-green leaves.

Even though chrysanthemum flowers appear to have many petals, each is a tiny floret.

Ray and disc florets are two different varieties of florets.

The petals are ray florets, and the center buttons consist of disc florets.

The florets produce the familiar and adored mum bloom when they are all grouped.

Chrysanthemums have a long history and stunning blooms, so it’s no surprise that they are still a popular flower today.

Why grow chrysanthemums?

Chrysanthemums are popular garden plants for several reasons. They are relatively easy to grow, come in a wide range of colors, and bloom for an extended period. Additionally, chrysanthemums make excellent cut flowers so that you can enjoy their beauty indoors.

What Are Some Common Chrysanthemum Varieties?

There are hundreds of varieties of chrysanthemums, but some of the most popular include:

• Mammoth Daisy – This large variety can grow up to 3 feet tall. It has white or yellow flowers and blooms in late summer.

• Crown Daisy – This is a smaller variety that only grows to about 18 inches tall. It has white or yellow flowers and blooms in late summer.

• Japanese Garden Mum – This medium-sized variety grows to about 2 feet tall. It has white, pink, or red flowers and blooms in early fall.

• Pompon Mum – This small variety only grows to about 12 inches tall. It has round, bell-shaped flowers in various colors, including white, pink, red, and yellow. It blooms in early fall.

Which Chrysanthemum Is Right for Me?

The type of Chrysanthemum you choose will depend on your climate and available space. If you live in a warm climate, you can grow almost any type of Chrysanthemum. But if you live in a cold climate, you’ll need to choose a winter-hardy variety.

Here are some general guidelines to help you choose the right Chrysanthemum for your garden:

• If you want a plant that is easy to care for, choose a daisy or pompon mum.

• If you want a plant that blooms early in the season, choose a crown daisy.

• If you want a plant that blooms later in the season, choose a Japanese garden mum.

• If you want a tall plant, choose a mammoth daisy.

• If you want a plant with colorful flowers, choose a pompon mum.

• If you want a plant with white flowers, choose a crown daisy or Japanese garden mum.

How to grow chrysanthemums?

Chrysanthemums are a beautiful addition to any garden and are surprisingly easy to grow. If you’re thinking about adding some chrysanthemums to your garden, here’s what you need to do:

Choose the right location

If you want to grow chrysanthemums, the first step is to choose the correct location. The best spot for chrysanthemums is a sunny spot with well-drained soil. Chrysanthemums also need room to grow, so give them enough space. Once you’ve found the perfect spot, it’s time to start your chrysanthemum garden.

Prepare the soil

First, prepare the soil. Chrysanthemums prefer well-drained, fertile soil. If your soil is sandy or clay-based, mix in organic matter like compost or peat moss to improve drainage and provide nutrients.

You can add compost or well-rotted manure before planting seeds and keeping them moist but not too wet so that they don’t rot away before you have time to yield from their laborious work!

In all areas, chrysanthemum flowers should be planted in well-draining soil. The ideal soil is fertile, well-drained, sandy, or loamy, with a pH of around 6.5.

While chrysanthemums are adaptable to soil types, they do best in organic soils. With the proper preparation, you’ll be on your way to a beautiful chrysanthemum display.

How to plant chrysanthemums?

Put small plants bought from garden centers into 10cm pots. When the roots have filled the pot, put them into a bigger pot. Plant them outside after the last risk of frost has passed. Make sure to put them in moist but well-drained soil in a sunny spot.

Add organic matter to the hole or use a general-purpose fertilizer when planting a new chrysanthemum. Also, provide support for the plant right away.

If you are planting rooted cuttings of tender (indoor) chrysanthemums, you can plant them directly into greenhouse beds or large pots.

Monty Don shows how to make your borders look better with Chrysanthemums. He uses Chrysanthemum’ Pennine Jude’. This type of Chrysanthemum does well into autumn. It is a perennial, which means it comes back every year. You can plant it in different areas, and Monty tells you what other plants to put with it to make your borders look fuller.

Chrysanthemums should ideally be planted in early spring after the threat of frost has subsided. However, they can be planted at any time as long as the roots have at least six weeks to establish themselves before extremes of either hot or cold weather.

It grows much more than an aquarium plant and is ideal for planted and freshwater aquariums. It takes well in any bright, sunny location. Choose bushy plants with many leafy stems branching out at the base.

You will need to dig a hole at least twice the size of the root ball. To help with drainage, you should add organic matter such as compost or peat. When planting the mums, put them back at the same depth they were in the pot. Avoid having water collect around the stems.

Install stakes or garden fencing to support larger varieties of mum. Try not to walk on the mums, so you don’t compact the soil.

When to plant

If you store your plants in a light, frost-free place in winter, you can plant them outside in late spring. This is after the last frost, typically mid-May to early June.

You can also plant young plants that you raised from cuttings at the same time, once they are well rooted and growing strongly.

Where to plant

Chrysanthemums can be planted in many places, such as a sunny spot sheltered from the wind. They can also be planted on borders near other plants, in the soil of many different types, or in containers. Make sure to choose a cultivar that suits the type of garden you have, whether formal or informal.

Planting from Cuttings

In early January, move your plants out of winter storage into a greenhouse at 7-10 degrees Celsius. Make sure the compost is damp but not too wet. In about three or four weeks, you will have large enough shoots to use as cuttings. Follow the method outlined above.

To propagate chrysanthemums, take several shoots 5-7.5 cm long outside a clump. Cut them with a sharp knife at the base, close to the crown. Remove the lower leaves and insert the cuttings into pots containing a mix of half peat-free multipurpose compost and half horticultural grit. Water well and place the pot in a propagator or cover it with a clear plastic bag to maintain humidity until rooted.

Rooting takes 3-4 weeks, at which point you can transplant the new plants into 9 cm pots filled with peat-free multipurpose compost. Grow them on for their first summer, then plant them out after the last frost in autumn.

Chrysanthemums can also be propagated by division in spring. Dig up the whole plant and carefully pull it apart into smaller clumps. Replant each one immediately, at the same depth as before. Water well and keep an eye on the plants until they are established. You can also take root cuttings in late winter.

To take a root cutting, dig up a plant and carefully tease out a 10-15 cm long piece of root. Cut it into 2.5 cm lengths and pot each one up individually in peat-free multipurpose compost. Water well and place the pot in a propagator or cover it with a clear plastic bag to maintain humidity until rooted.

Rooting takes 3-4 weeks, at which point you can transplant the new plants into 9 cm pots filled with peat-free multipurpose compost. Grow them on for their first summer, then plant them out after the last frost in autumn.

Cuttings can be taken from chrysanthemums in spring, summer, or autumn. The best time to take them is in late spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing. Take several shoots 5-7.5 cm long outside a clump. Cut them with a sharp knife at the base, close to the crown. Remove the lower leaves and insert the cuttings into pots containing a mix of half peat-free multipurpose compost and half horticultural grit. Water well and place the pot in a propagator or cover it with a clear plastic bag to maintain humidity until rooted.

Planting From seed

If you want to grow chrysanthemums from seeds, you will need to show them in the spring. The seeds should germinate within two weeks, and the plants should flower in the same year.

You can find chrysanthemum seeds at many garden stores or online retailers. Make sure to choose a cultivar that is suitable for your growing conditions.

Once you have your seeds, sow them in a well-draining potting mix at a depth of 1/4 inch (6 mm). Water the soil gently and place the pot in a warm, sunny location.

The seeds should germinate within two weeks. Once they have sprouted, thin the seedlings so that only the strongest ones remain.

Water the seedlings regularly and fertilize them monthly. When the plants are 6-8 inches (15-20 cm) tall, you can transplant them into your garden.

Chrysanthemums will bloom in late summer or early fall. 

What Are Some Tips for Planting and Caring for Mums?

Here are some tips to help you plant and care for your chrysanthemums:

• When planting, make sure the roots are moist but not soggy. Plant the mums at the same depth they were growing in the container.

• Water your mums daily or as needed to keep the soil moist. Be careful not to over-water, as this can lead to root rot. If the leaves start to wilt, this is a sign that the plant is not getting enough water.

• Mums are heavy feeders and need to be fertilized regularly. Use a balanced fertilizer, like 10-10-10, and apply it every two weeks. You can also use organic fertilization methods, like compost or manure tea.

• Chrysanthemums are susceptible to root rot, crown rot, powdery mildew, and spider mites. These problems are usually caused by too much moisture or not enough air circulation.

• You should divide your mums every 3 to 4 years to keep them healthy. This should be done in the spring before they start to bloom. To divide them, dig up the entire plant and carefully separate it into smaller pieces, making sure each piece has some roots attached. Plant the divisions in new locations, and water them well.

FAQs

Can You Grow Chrysanthemum from Seeds?

Chrysanthemums can be grown from seeds even though most mums are purchased as plants that are already established or are propagated from cuttings. It can be a bit of an adventure, though, as many chrysanthemum seeds do not remain faithful to the plant’s parent.

This implies that you might end up with a plant that is very different from the one you started with in terms of appearance and behavior. Start your chrysanthemum seeds indoors about eight weeks before your area’s last date of frost if you’re up for the challenge. Place the seeds in a thin layer on the moistened potting mix and cover with sand. Keep the soil moist and put the pots somewhere warm.

The most potent plant should stay in each pot once the seedlings have emerged. Once all threat of frost has passed, transplant your seedlings into the garden should be done.

Can You Grow Chrysanthemum in Pots?

Chrysanthemums in pots can be a great way to add color and drama to a small space. Most garden mums reach 2 to 3 feet, so you’ll need a pot at least 12 inches wide. Use good drainage soil and water the plant from the top so the roots can grow deep.

How Long Does It Take for Mums to Grow?

The growth rate of chrysanthemums depends on a lot of things. Different chrysanthemums have different growth rates and can be a specific size. Plants that grow from seeds may take a few years to grow big.

Mums that are grown from plants that are already established or from divisions will start growing right away.

So, it depends on how you start your plant. If you start from seed, your plant may take a few years to reach its full potential. But if you start with an established plant or division, you can expect it to increase.

How Long Do Mums Last After They Bloom?

There are three types of chrysanthemums: early bloomers, early-fall bloomers, and late-fall bloomers. Early bloomers bloom in mid-July, early fall bloomers have their flowers in September, and late fall blossoms begin in November.

There are also a variety of techniques to make chrysanthemums last longer. One way is to immediately cut the stems at an angle and put them in water.

How Can You Increase Winter Hardiness?

An even soil temperature is essential for winter survival. The roots are harmed, and the plant becomes confused by repeated freezing and thawing cycles. Up to 4 inches of mulch can be added to help keep the soil at a consistent temperature all winter.

As soon as the soil surface starts to harden and the temperature drops into the 20s, scatter mulch under your mums. Utilizing a loose mulch, such as straw, can lessen compaction and improve ground insulation.

Can Chrysanthemums Be Divided?

Every three to four years, you should divide chrysanthemums. If the plants appear thin in the center or have an unusual shape, it is likely time to divide them. Over time, the central roots of a plant may become old and woody, whereas the outer roots remain young and healthy.

If your mums are not growing as well as they once did, it may be necessary to divide them. In the spring, carefully remove the plant from the soil and divide it into sections. You can discard the old plant’s core, as it will not perform as well as the younger outer sections. Replant the sections in new locations and provide ample irrigation.

Do Mums Need to Be Deadheaded?

Yes, it is a good idea to deadhead your mums regularly. This means removing the spent blooms from the plant. Doing this will encourage new growth and more blooms. You can deadhead by snipping the blooms off at the base or pinching them off with your fingers.

How Are Hardy Chrysanthemums?

The chrysanthemums you purchase from garden centers are called “hardy mums.” This is because most mum varieties can survive winter in zones 5 through 9. Some varieties, like Mammoth Daisy, can even survive in zone 3. When shopping for mums, check the label to see that you’re getting a variety that will do well in your climate.

What is the Best Soil for Mums?

Chrysanthemums can grow in many different soils but do best in well-draining, moist soil. If your soil is hard and dry, it will be difficult for the roots to grow. If your soil is wet and boggy, the roots will drown. To create good soil for your mums, mix some compost or manure before planting. This will help improve drainage and add nutrients to the soil.

When is the Best Time to Plant Mums?

You can plant mums anytime from early spring to late summer. If you plant them in spring, they will bloom earlier in the season. If you plant them in summer, they will bloom later in the season. It’s best to plant mums when they are small plants in 4-inch pots. This will give them a chance to establish themselves before winter.

How Much Sunlight Do Mums Require?

Chrysanthemums love the sun. They need at least 6 hours of sunlight daily, but they grow and bloom better when they get more light. If it’s hot outside, you can put them in the shade for a few hours in the afternoon. But be careful not to let them get too hot, or they might get burned.

How Often Should I Water My Mums?

It’s essential to keep the soil moist but not soggy—water your mums every day or as needed to keep the soil moist. Be careful not to over-water, as this can lead to root rot. If the leaves start to wilt, this is a sign that the plant is not getting enough water.

When Do Mums Bloom?

Mums bloom in late summer or early fall. The blooming period lasts for several weeks. Once the blooms start to fade, you can cut them back to encourage new growth.

How Should I Fertilize My Mums?

Chrysanthemums are heavy feeders and need to be fertilized regularly. Use a balanced fertilizer, like 10-10-10, and apply it every two weeks. You can also use organic fertilization methods, like compost or manure tea.

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