How To Grow Begonia (The Epithet Notitia)?

Begonias are beautiful flowering plants that can be grown both indoors and outdoors. There are wide varieties of begonias, with various colors available in both the flowers and leaves. Begonias are easy to grow but do require some care. This article will provide instructions on how to grow begonias successfully.(1)

Characteristics of Begonia


Botanical Name

 The Epithet notitia(2)
Common NamesBegonias
Plant TypeFlower Plant
Plant FamilyBegoniaceas
MaintenanceEasy to maintain
Size6 to 12 inches
Sun ExposureShade and Partial Sun (Morning or Evening)
Water RequirementAfter 3 or 4 days
FertilizerUse Natural fertilizer
Soil TypeSandy soil
Soil pH5..5 to 6.5 ph.
Soil DrainageNeed good drainage 
Bloom TimeSummer
Flower ColorAvailable in many Colors
Hardness ZoneWinter
Native AreaAmerica and Africa
Varieties / TypesMore than1000
Ways to GrowMany ways are available

Begonias come in various shapes and sizes, with trailing and upright varieties available. The leaves come in various colors, from green to bronze and red. Begonia flowers can be pink, red, white, or yellow and are often fragrant.

Begonias require moist soil but should not be allowed to sit in water. The soil should also have good drainage. Begonias prefer filtered sunlight but can tolerate some shade.

Varieties of Begonia 

There are wide varieties of begonia, with various colors available in both the flowers and leaves. Some of the more popular varieties include:

Angel Wing Begonias: These begonias have large, angel-wing-shaped leaves and come in various colors, including pink, red, and white.

Rex Begonias: Rex begonias have large, colorful leaves and come in various colors, including green, bronze, and red.

Rieger Begonias – Rieger begonias have small, trumpet-shaped flowers and come in various colors, including pink, red, white, and yellow.

How to Grow Begonias Step by Step?

To grow begonias, plant the begonia tubers in moist, well-drained soil. The tubers should be planted just below the surface of the soil. Once planted, water the soil well and keep it moist but not wet. Begonia plants prefer filtered sunlight but can tolerate some shade.

When the begonias start to grow, fertilize them with a water-soluble fertilizer. Begonias flower best when the temperature is between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. To encourage blooming, pinch back the tips of the plants. This will cause the plant to branch out and produce more flowers.

Begonias are susceptible to various pests, including aphids, mealybugs, and whiteflies. These pests can be controlled with insecticidal soap or neem oil. If the pests are not controlled, they can cause the begonia leaves to yellow and drop off.

When the begonia flowers start to fade, cut back the stems to encourage more blooming. Begonias can be propagated from stem cuttings or by division.

To propagate from stem cuttings, take a 4-inch cutting from a healthy begonia plant and root it in moist soil. To propagate by division, dig up an established begonia plant and divide it into several sections. Plant the sections in moist, well-drained soil and water well.

With some care, begonias can quickly grow and provide color in your garden for many months.

Special Needs For Growing Begonia 

how to grow Begonia
How To Grow Begonia (The Epithet Notitia)? 3

You need to keep a few things in mind when growing begonias:

  1. Begonias require moist soil but should not be allowed to sit in water. The soil should also have good drainage. Begonias prefer filtered sunlight but can tolerate some shade.
  2. Begonias flower best when the temperature is between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
  3. Begonias are susceptible to various pests, including aphids, mealybugs, and whiteflies.

These pests can be controlled with insecticidal soap or neem oil.

How to Propagate Begonia?

Begonias can be propagated by dividing the clumps, taking stem cuttings, or growing from seed.

1. To divide a begonia clump, use a sharp knife to cut the clump into 2 or 3 pieces, ensuring each piece has at least one healthy stem and roots.

2. Plant the divisions in individual pots filled with well-drained potting mix.

3. Water well and keep the soil moist until the begonias are established.

4. To take stem cuttings, choose a healthy stem that has not flowered yet. Cut the stem into 2-inch pieces and remove the bottom leaves.

5. Dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone and plant in a pot filled with well-drained potting mix.

6. Water well and keep the soil moist until the begonias are established.

7. To grow begonias from seed, sow the seeds in a sterile seed-starting mix. Keep the soil moist and provide bottom heat if possible.

8. When the seedlings are big enough to handle, transplant them into individual pots filled with a well-drained potting mix.

When to Plant Begonia?

Begonias can be planted in the garden either in the spring or fall. If you live in a warm climate, you can also plant begonias outdoors in summer. Begonias should not be planted in the garden until all danger of frost has passed.

If planting begonias in the garden, space the tubers 12 to 18 inches apart. If you are planting begonias in containers, choose a container at least 12 inches wide with drainage holes.

Where to Plant Begonia?

Begonias can be planted in the garden either in the spring or fall. If you live in a warm climate, you can also plant begonias outdoors in summer. Begonias should not be planted in the garden until all danger of frost has passed.

If planting begonias in the garden, space the tubers 12 to 18 inches apart. If you are planting begonias in containers, choose a container at least 12 inches wide with drainage holes.

How to Plant Begonia?

1. Choose a location for your begonia bulbs that receives partial sun to full shade and has well-drained soil. Add organic matter to the planting area if needed to improve drainage.

2. Dig a hole for each bulb that is three times as deep as the bulb is tall.

3. Plant the bulbs with the pointed end up and cover with soil.

4. Water well after planting.

5. Apply mulch around the bulbs to help retain moisture and keep weeds at bay.

6. Begonias are not heavy feeders, so they don’t need much fertilizer. A light application of all-purpose fertilizer in early spring is all that is needed.

7. After the begonias bloom, allow the foliage to die naturally. Please do not remove the foliage until it has turned brown. The leaves are gathering sunlight and nutrients that will be used to nourish the bulbs for next year’s flowers.

8. Begonia bulbs can be left in the ground and will come back year after year. However, they may need to be dug up and replanted every few years as they become overcrowded.

How to Prune Begonia?

1. Begin by removing any dead or damaged foliage from the plant.

2. Cut back any overgrown or leggy stems to maintain a compact shape.

3. Deadhead (remove) spent flowers to encourage new blooms.

4. Once the begonia has finished flowering, cut the entire plant back by one-third to one-half its height.

5. Pinch back stems throughout the growing season to encourage a bushier plant.

How to Care for Begonia?

Begonias are easy to care for, but there are a few things you should keep in mind.

Water Requirments of Begonia 

Begonias should be watered about every three or four days. You can tell when they need water when the soil begins to feel dry. Be sure to give them a good watering, making sure to get the soil wet.

Fertilizing Begonia

You can fertilize begonias with a natural fertilizer like compost or manure. You can also use a commercial fertilizer designed for flowers. Be sure to follow the directions on the package.

Sun Exposure

Begonias do best in indirect sunlight. They can tolerate some direct sun, but too much sun will scorch the leaves.

Soil Type

Begonias prefer sandy soil. The soil should also have good drainage.

The ideal pH for begonias is 5.5 to 6.5.

Soil Requirments of Begonia 

Begonias prefer sandy soil with good drainage. The ideal pH for begonias is 5.5 to 6.5.

Light Requirments of Begonia 

Begonias need light, but they don’t need a lot of direct sunlight. Each day, a few hours of direct sun is fine, but too much sun will scorch the leaves. Begonia flowers come in many colors, including white, pink, red, and orange.

Temperature and Humidity Requirments of Begonia 

Begonias need a temperate climate. They should be kept in a room where the temperature is between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Begonias also need high humidity. The ideal humidity level for begonias is 50 to 60 percent. If the humidity is too low, you can increase it by placing the begonias in a room with a humidifier.

Fertilizing Requirments of Begonia 

Fertilizing Begonia plants is essential to ensure their healthy growth. You can fertilize begonias with a natural fertilizer like compost or manure. You can also use a commercial fertilizer designed for flowers. Be sure to follow the directions on the package.

One thing to remember when fertilizing begonias is that they are a light feeder. This means that you shouldn’t over-fertilize them. Too much fertilizer can burn the roots and leaves of the plant.

Watering Requirments of Begonia 

Begonias should be watered about every three or four days. You can tell when they need water when the soil begins to feel dry. Be sure to give them a good watering, making sure to get the soil wet.

If you live in an area with hard water, it’s a good idea to use distilled water for your begonias. Hard water can build up minerals in the soil, making it difficult for begonias to absorb nutrients.

Pest And Disease of Begonia 

The most common pests and diseases that affect begonias are mealybugs, spider mites, whiteflies, powdery mildew, and root rot.

Mealybugs are tiny, sap-sucking insects that can cause considerable damage to plants. They typically attach themselves to the leaves or stems of the plant and can weaken it if left unchecked.

Spider mites are tiny spiders that feed on the sap of plants. They can cause the leaves of the plant to turn yellow or brown and eventually kill the plant if left unchecked.

Whiteflies are tiny white insects that fly around plants and feed on their sap. They can cause the leaves of the plant to turn yellow or brown and eventually kill the plant if left unchecked.

Powdery mildew is a type of fungus that affects begonias. It can cause the leaves of the plant to turn white or gray and eventually kill the plant if left unchecked.

Root rot is a disease that affects the roots of plants. It can be caused by too much water or by a lack of drainage. Root rot can kill the plant if left unchecked.

How to Prevent Pests and Diseases in Begonias?

The best way to prevent pests and diseases in begonias is to provide them with the proper care. This includes watering them regularly, fertilizing them, and keeping them in a room with the proper temperature and humidity. If you notice any pest or disease on your begonias, treat them immediately.

Best Companion Plants for Begonia 

Several plants make good companions for begonias. Some of the best include African violets, impatiens, and philodendrons.

African violets are small plants that are native to Africa. They grow well in shady areas and make a good companion for begonias.

Harmful Companion Plants for Begonia 

Some plants are not good companions for begonias. Some plants will compete with begonias for water and nutrients, making it difficult for them begonias to grow and thrive. Other plants can attract pests and diseases that can damage or kill the begonias.

Some of the plants that are not good companions for begonias include:

* Cabbage

* Tomatoes

* Potatoes

* corn

* beans

* cucumbers

* peppers

* eggplant

* squash

* melons

* pumpkins

* gourds

* sunflowers

* marigolds

* zinnias

* dahlias

* impatiens

* petunias

* cosmos

* nasturtiums

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