How To Care For Corn Plant (Dracaena)?
The corn plant is easy to take care of, and its scientific name is Dracaena fragrans, ‘Massangeana.’ It is a great house plant because it is easy to care for.
Corn plants (Dracaena) have pretty leaves and are easy-to-care popular houseplants.
This article will provide tips on how to grow and care for your Corn Plant. Each variety has a unique leaf shape and color.
Varieties of corn plants
The Dracaena tree (Dracaena Arborea) is a corn tree with a spherical shape, palm tree-sized trunks, and thin leaves.
The plant resembles a miniature palm tree and has a single flower on top.
The dragon tree (Dracaena draco) of the Canary Islands has a long, spikey trunk and long, fan-shaped leaves.
Gold dust (Dracaena surculosa) has more leaves than stems than other dracaena species.
The leaves of Dracaena fragrans ‘Victoria’ are smaller, wider, and almost triangular in shape.
A yellow stripe runs down the middle of the leaves, like ‘Massangeana.’ It is rarely available in garden centres.
how to care for a corn plant?
Corn plants do best in a loose, loamy potting soil mix. Make sure the soil has good drainage because the plant’s roots don’t do well in standing water.
Water the plant, keeping the soil moist but not soggy during the growing season (spring through fall).
Corn plants need plenty of sunlight, so place them in a bright spot near a window.
Temperature and Humidity
Temperature and humidity are essential to consider when growing corn plants.
Corn plants prefer temperatures between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit and humidity levels between 40 and 50 percent.
If the temperature or humidity levels become too high or low, it can impact the plant’s growth or health.
Propagating Corn Plants
Corn plants are easy to propagate and can be done with water or soil. For water propagation, take a fresh-cut stem cutting and place it in a clear jar of water.
Make sure the leaves are above the water line. Change the water every other day and keep an eye on the rooting process. You should see new leaf growth within two to three weeks.
Once the roots have formed, you can transplant the corn plant into soil.
Take a fresh-cut stem cutting for soil propagation and place it in moist peat moss. Make sure the leaves are above the peat moss line. Change the peat moss every other day and keep an eye on the rooting process.
You should see new leaf growth within two to three weeks. Once the roots have formed, you can transplant the corn plant into soil.
How to Grow Corn Plant From Seed?
Corn is a warm-season vegetable that is best planted outdoors after all danger of frost has passed. If you want to start your corn plants indoors, you will need to do so about six to eight weeks before the last frost in your area.
To grow corn from seed, you will need:
- A pot or container that is at least six inches deep and has drainage holes in the bottom
- Seed starting mix
- A warm, germinating mat
- Clear plastic wrap
Start by covering the seeds lightly with the seed starting mix. then place the pot on a warm, germinating mat and cover with clear plastic wrap. Maintain soil temperature between 68-80 F under a grow light or bright, indirect sunlight. The corn seeds should begin to germinate in about seven to ten days.
Once the seeds have germinated, remove the plastic wrap and move the pot to a location with direct sunlight. Keep the soil moist but not wet. Corn plants should be spaced about twelve to eighteen inches apart in the garden.
Potting and Repotting Corn Plant
In addition to adding a splash of color to any home, corn plants are easy to care for and thrive in a variety of environments.
When caring for it, you should repot your corn plant every year or two into a slightly larger container (2-3 inches bigger and deeper) with fresh potting soil.
Repot the plant by taking off the loose soil around it and carefully lifting it from its base when you are ready. Place a few inches of fresh soil at the bottom of the new container and center the plant in the new container, careful not to damage its roots. Water the plant thoroughly after gently pressing the soil around its roots. It will thrive in its new home!
Various things can cause leaf damage and pests on corn plants. Here are some of the most common pests that can affect corn plants:
- Aphids are small, sap-sucking insects that can cause leaves to look distorted and discolored. They can also cause sticky honeydew to build up on the leaves, which can attract ants or lead to the growth of black mold.
2. Corn earworms: Corn earworms are caterpillars that feed on the ears of corn, often causing them to become riddled with holes. They can also cause the leaves of the plant to look chewed-up and damaged.
3. European corn borers: European corn borers are caterpillars that tunnel into the stalks of corn plants, often causing them to wilt and die. They can also cause the leaves of the plant to look chewed-up and damaged.
4. Cutworms: Cutworms are caterpillars that feed on the leaves of corn plants, often causing them to become ragged and torn. They can also cause the plant to become stunted or even die.
5. Japanese beetles: Japanese beetles are colourful beetles that feed on the leaves of corn plants, often causing them to become skeletonized or to have large, ragged holes.
If you notice any of these pests on your corn plants, you should take action to control them as soon as possible.
There are various ways to control pests on corn plants, including insecticidal soaps, neem oil, or botanical pesticides. You can also try to physically remove the pests from the plant, or encourage natural predators (such as ladybugs) to help control the population.
Common Problems With Corn Plant
The corn plant is a simple-to-grow houseplant that thrives in favorable conditions. This implies providing it with water, light, and humidity levels that are suitable. The plant also dislikes low temperatures, extreme heat, or windy spots. If any of these situations exist for an extended period of time, the plant may begin to suffer from health issues.
Dry Leaf Tips
Leaf tip burn is a common problem with corn plants. The tips of the leaves will turn yellow and then brown. This can be caused by too much plant food or fluoride in the water. To avoid leaf tip burn, use distilled water.
Sudden Loss of Leaves
If a plant has too much water or the soil is poorly drained, it can lose its leaves or get root rot. To prevent this, the plant’s container should have several drainage holes to ensure that the water drains properly.
Dry Patches on Leaves
If you put your dracaena plant in direct sunlight, it may develop round, flaky patches and streaks on its leaves. Move the plant to a location with less light to avoid it becoming excessively hot and dry.
The corn plant is a gradual to moderate growing plant. Its tough to get the conditions just right for it, so if they aren’t perfect, the growth rate might slow down.
How long can corn plant live?
The corn plant can live for a very long time, provided it is given the proper care. With good care, it can live for decades. However, if it is not well cared for, it will not live as long.
What are the benefits of corn plants?
Corn plants are known to be very efficient at cleaning the air of toxins and pollutants. They are also known to be drought resistant and can help purify the air in your home.
Where to Buy Corn Plant?
You can find corn plants on Etsy. Additionally, you can find hard-to-find plants on Amazon. Many nurseries sell through the site.
How to Get Corn Plant to Bloom?
Plants of Dracaena fragrans may not always bloom, but if the conditions are correct and the plant is mature (more than 5 years old), it may bloom once to three times a year.
The likelihood of blooming decreases when kept as an indoor plant. The flower stalks emerge from the middle of the leaf whorl and can reach up to 3 feet in length.
How much light does my corn plant need?
Mick and Nick grow better with more light. But be careful not to put them in too much direct sunlight because their leaves might get damaged.
If you have a shady corner of your garden, they will still do well there if they get indirect light throughout the day.
How often should I water my corn plant?
Water your corn plant when the soil feels very dry to the touch, usually once a week. Corn plants are used to arid conditions and don’t drink very often; they also prefer to go without water for a while.
The size of your plant will affect how much water it needs; additionally, its hydration levels are based on factors such as the heat and dryness of the season.
What’s the best temperature for my corn plant?
Corn plants like a gradual temperature change, ranging from 15°C to 24°C. Keep them away from hot radiators and cold drafts to prevent stressing them. Corn plants also like humidity, which makes them good bathroom plants.
Should I repot my corn plant?
You should just have to repeat this procedure every two or three years. Please see our repotting guide to walk you through the process step by step.
Does my corn plant need any extra love?
If you want to give your corn plant some extra minerals, you can do it by repeating this process twice or three times each month.
Be careful not to overfeed your corn plant because this might make its leaves turn yellow or brown. Choose the corn plant that you like the best, and use these suggestions and methods to keep it healthy.