How to Care For An Alocasia Plant?

Alocasia plants are a unique and exciting addition to any garden or home. They come in various shapes and sizes and can add color and texture to any setting. The inflorescence is a spadix (a spike of flowers) surrounded by a large, leafy bract.

In addition, more than 75 species of tuberous and rhizomatous perennials, including elephant ears and Mayan masks, are part of the Alocasia genus. African mask, Elephant Ear, or Kris plant Alocasia is also known as If you’re looking for something to brighten up your home, this Araceae family houseplant is a great option.

There are numerous species and cultivars in the genus Alocasia, but they all necessitate the same level of attention and maintenance.

Therefore, Proper planting is essential for the success of alocasia plants so you can go through this guide for the best results.

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What Is The Alocasia Plant?

Even though it appears simple, these are only the essential aspects. If you want your Alocasia plant to look great all year round, you’ll need to read this article’s comprehensive and step-by-step guide.

How to Care for An Alocasia Plant 2

Alocasia plants’ leaves have a waxy texture and prominent ribbed veins that run straight out from the center. The veins on some leaves are a different shade of green than the leaf itself, ranging from light lime green to dark hunter green.

Long petioles, the stems from which the leaves emerge, can grow to 3 to 5 feet (90 to 150 cm). Radial petioles radiate out from the plant’s stem, with their leaves pointing up or down depending on what species they belong to.

It is possible to eat the irritant-laden corms of African Mask plants if they are cooked. Unlike peace lilies, Alocasia’s flowers are a spathe and spadix. Light green to whitish is some of the shades that can be found.

Alocasia Plant Profile

  • Alocasia spp. is the botanical name.
  • Common names include Alocasia, giant taro, ‘ape, biga, elephant ears, and the African mask plant.
  • A subtropical perennial herbaceous plant.
  • Species range in height from 2 to 15 feet tall (60 to 450 cm, or 4.5 meters). It ranges from 2 to 8 feet in spread (60 to 240 cm).
  • Soil for planting: a porous potting mix of two parts perlite or coarse potting sand, one part peat (or a substitute).
  • Loam, clay, or sandy soil drains well but is always moist.
  • Most soils prefer a pH of 5.5 to 6.5.
  • Inside, bright and plenty of indirect light is required.
  • When it comes to watering, regular watering is required, but you must wait until the topsoil is dry before watering. Keep it moist but not completely dry.
  • During the growing season, apply an organic 20:10:20 NPK fertilizer frequently (every 2–4 weeks).

However, you can do this during the spring and early summer months.

Alocasia Varieties

Some of the most well-known Aloe Vera varieties include:

Alocasia Amazonica ‘Polly,’ a compact plant with very dark green shield-shaped leaves with wavy edges and white veins, and a highly glossy surface, is perhaps the most popular alocasias.

Brian Paul Williams’ Alocasia “Mayan Mask,” also known as upright elephant ears, has spearhead-shaped leaves that can grow up to 5 feet long (150 cm). They’re a rich emerald green with glossy ribbed veins on the top, but the back is purple with nearly straight light green veins.

An Alocasia zebrina, which has emerald green leaves but striped petioles like a zebra’s stripes,

Known as “elephant ears,” elephant ear Alocasiaportodora is a large and stunning variety with upright lanceolate leaves that can reach 4 to 5 feet long (120 to 150 cm). They have ribbed veins that run from the petiole to the leaf’s edge despite their bright green color.

The Alocasia regular ‘Black Velvet’ variety has heart-shaped leaves and finely veined veins.

Because of its emerald green leaves, Alocasia macrorrhiza ‘Stingray’ is known for its resemblance to stingrays.

Cordate silver-white leaves with dark green veins form a beautiful pattern on Alocasia Baginda’s’ Silver Dragon.’

Gigantic taro is a popular variety with massive leaves, rich green, and glossy surfaces. The veins are also very regular in their light green color. Each leaf has a maximum length of three feet (90 cm).

“Red Secret” Alocasia Cuprea has cordate leaves that join at the back but are rounded and shiny purple.

Plants with long, arrowhead-shaped leaves that grow upward and outward from the petioles are the darkest green and purple shades of Alocasia Lauterbachiana’s’ Purple Sword.’

However, we wanted to give you an idea of the wide range of colors, shapes, and personalities our plant offers.

Let us now turn our attention to Alocasia’s most pressing growing concerns.

Step-By-Step Care And Growing Guide For Alocasia Plants

Alocasia, regardless of the variety, requires special attention. Let me know if you’d like some help. We’ll go over every one of your plant’s requirements in detail, step by step.

Light Requirements For Growing Alocasia Plants

Alocasia necessitates plenty of direct and indirect light. Whether you grow it indoors or out has a direct impact on the results you get:

At least 3 to 5 feet away from southeast or west-facing windows is recommended for indoor use.

Place it at least 10 inches (25 centimeters) away from the wall when using it indoors. Keeping the leaves off the wall is not the only reason for this precaution. Your plant will benefit from the reflected light from the wall as well.

If you’re growing Aloe vera indoors, rotate the pot regularly. It will only grow to one side if you don’t give it enough light.

Direct sunlight, primarily through windows, should be avoided. The plant’s leaves will be burned.

Use dappled sunlight or dappled shade outside for best results.

Using a shading net will keep your Aloe vera from losing its leaves due to overexposure to the sun in the summer.

Alocasia Watering Needs

You can tell the difference between a healthy and a sick plant by how you water your Alocasia! It requires regular watering and humidity, as well as slightly dry soil, for optimal growth. Achieving this may be a challenge, though. However, here are a few pointers to get you started.

Watering should be based on plant needs. I don’t think daily watering is the best way to keep it healthy. The plant uses water at different times.

Before watering, make sure that the top 2 or 3 inches of soil are completely dry (5 to 7.5 cm).

Before watering, aerate the ground. Using a fork, you can stab it into the ground and then lift it only partially out of the ground. Bring the fork back to its original position and remove it from the soil after forming a 30-degree angle with it.

Before watering your Alocasia, the soil should be almost dry but still moist.

Alocas drink a lot when they’re producing new leaves. As a result, reduce your water usage. A new leaf sprouting on your plant means you should water it more frequently.

If and when the plant goes into dormancy, cut back on the amount of water you give it. If they are kept indoors, they may not realize it is winter, so they will continue to grow, albeit slower.

Use water that’s at room temperature.

The plant will drop a leaf if it is either over or under-watered.

If you’re gardening outside, make sure the soil is always moist but not soggy. Drought is too much for Alocasias to handle. Additionally, wet conditions can cause root rot and even lead to the death of a plant.

Moisture probes can be used to verify ifAlocasia is adequately hydrated. When the gauge reaches 2 or 3 o’clock, water it (out of 10).

Be sure to follow your plants’ cues above all else.

Alocasia Humidity Needs

Because it is a subtropical plant, Alocasia requires a high level of humidity. Maintain a humidity level of at least 60%. The plant will suffer if it falls below this level. Alocasia prefers a humidity level of around 70 percent. This is preferable if at all possible.

When storing your plant, keep it away from direct sunlight and any heat sources, such as radiators.

Use a humidity bowl or tray to keep the environment humid during the process. This can be filled with water and placed under the plant’s tray (saucer, etc.). As a result, it won’t wreak havoc on the soil.

During the summer months, mist your plant with water regularly.

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The Best Soil For Alocasia Plants

To successfully grow Aloe vera, you’ll need the following three things in your garden or pots:

  • It has excellent drainage.
  • It is scorched.
  • The air is still moist.

To achieve this balance, we need to distinguish between plants in pots and those in the ground.

Which type of soil is best for growing alocasias? Pots and containers:

Drainage material, such as perlite or coarse potting sand, should make up half of the soil mixture, while slightly acidic rich soil (like peat, humus-based soil) should make up the other half.

You must ensure that the plant receives adequate water, but not excessively so in a short period. It must take a few seconds to come out of the pot.

  • Make regular checks on the soil drainage and water retention.
  • If the soil is still wet or waterlogged after watering, use sand to correct it.
  • The best soil for growing Alocasia in the ground is:
  • It prefers clay loam or sandy, well-drained soil. Alocasia thrives.
  • It will not grow in soil that contains a lot of chalk.
  • To improve aeration and drainage, add sand or coarse sand.
  • A fork can be used to aerate the soil. It’s as simple as pushing it into the ground and lifting it slightly with the fork tips. Aim for a 30o angle with the fork.
  • Find a protected place from the wind and icy northerly winds.
  • Alocasia prefers slightly acidic soil in both cases.
  • A pH of 5.5 to 6.5 is considered ideal.
  • It is capable of surviving in a neutral environment (around 7).
  • If the pH is lower than 5.5, it can handle it.
  • It can’t stand soil that’s too acidic.

Alocasia Temperature Needs

In subtropical regions, where temperatures remain relatively constant throughout the year, Alocasia is very sensitive to temperature changes. The temperature inside is generally appropriate for Asia. Specifically:

  • This plant prefers temperatures of 60-75°F (15 to 25oC).
  • It will suffer for prolonged periods if the temperature drops below 60oF (15oC).
  • Higher temperatures can be tolerated up to the 80s F. (30s C).
  • Hardy outside in USDA zones 9 to 11, Alocasia is commonly found.
  • Some varieties are more challenging than others. For example, the elephant ear tolerates USDA zones 7–11.

How To Repot An Alocasia Plant?

Alocasia needs to be repotted whenever it outgrows its pot. This is necessary because of how quickly it grows.

How to Care for An Alocasia Plant

Spring and summer are the best times to report Alocasia plants. LargerAlocasiaplant varieties will need repotting on average every 18 to 24 months.

Alocasia plants that are smaller will take longer to mature, requiring two to three years to mature. Repot your Aloe vera in a 25–30% larger container than the current one.

Propagating Alocasia Plants

Clump division or rhizome division can propagateAlocasia in spring or early summer when the plant has woken up. This is when the plant is at its healthiest and most ready to produce new growth.

How To Propagate Alocasia From Rhizomes?

Rhizomes, or underground stems, form as the plant matures.

Unless you’re repotting the plant, avoid damaging the roots by digging around the plant’s perimeter.

  • The rhizomes can be found a few inches below the surface.
  • A minimum of two or three gems are required to make a good choice.
  • It’s time to slash it in half.
  • If necessary, adjust the cut.

How To Propagate Alocasia From For Clump Division?

To get to the root of the clump, follow the stems and petioles.

  • Locate the areas where the plants flourish.
  • Decide which clump you’d like to split into two. However, this should be a bit smaller than the original clump.
  • Part the two clumps of hair with your hands, being careful not to damage them. Rather than cutting them apart, you simply need to separate them by pushing them apart.
  • Cut the roots at the base of the two clumps with the blade inserted into the ground.
  • Removing and transplanting a clump is as simple as removing it gently.
  • Keep the plants warm but not wet for the first few weeks.

Alocasia Plant Care


Alocasia leaves, with their thin stems, can become top-heavy. If yours start to droop, it could be a sign that the soil is too wet or too dry or that the plant is lacking nutrients. Plants can be staked to stabilize the stems while they recover.

Due to its unrivaled visual and sculptural appeal, the Alocasia is becoming an increasingly popular addition to indoor plant collections. Subtropical Asia and eastern Australia are home to around 80 species of this distinctly veined stunner, with some specimens boasting nearly three-foot-long leaves!

Alocasias require bright but indirect light to thrive. Due to its natural habitat, the forest floor beneath the tree canopy results from the plant’s biology. Avoid placing your Alocasia in a location where it will be exposed to direct sunlight for an extended time because the leaves will burn.

To avoid any issues, make sure the area you’re placing your plant in has a lot of natural light. Because alocasias prefer humid environments where they can thrive, it’s best to keep them away from air conditioners and heaters if you can.

Hybrid Alocasias are the most commonly propagated indoor varieties, and they’re grown for the color and shape of their leaves. An example of this process is Alocasia Frydek, shown here.

Routine Maintenance

Spider mites can be a problem for Alocasias. To avoid infestation, keep an eye out for webbing on the undersides of leaves and clean them frequently with soapy water.

  • When you get a new plant, it’s always good to check its watering requirements.
  • Check the soil moisture level first before watering your plant to ensure it isn’t already too wet.
  • Consider aerating your plant’s soil before you begin watering it for the first time. With a soil probe, you can check the moisture level of your plants at the root level and use it to aerate the soil if it has been overwatered.
  • The Monitor Brass Soil Probe is an attractive choice in terms of aesthetics.
  • Alocasias, on the other hand, prefer slightly dry soil, but they need a lot of humidity to thrive.
  • Placing a pebble tray or a humidifier under your Alocasia to ensure it is as comfortable as possible.
  • For Alocasias, the soil will dry out during winter and need less watering.
  • Root rot and fungal infections can occur in Alocasias if their soil is not drained correctly and becomes waterlogged.
  • To prevent leaf damage and stem wilting, misting should be done sparingly. Heaters and air conditioners give off dry air, so keep the plant away from them.

For optimal photosynthetic efficiency, rotate your plant regularly and dust the leaves frequently. 

Pro Tips

Rotate the pot by a quarter turn every time you water your Alocasia. This will prevent the plant from growing toward the light and becoming top-heavy while also ensuring that it receives sunlight.

All houseplants benefit from these tips, but they are beneficial because Alocasia proliferates.

As a result, repotting Alocasia is rarely necessary except in an emergency. However, these houseplants frequently outgrow their containers due to their rapid growth.

To separate your Alocasia and repot it into multiple containers, carefully separate the roots from the current pot and use a 1-2″ larger pot. If you’re working with a constrained amount of room, it may be necessary to divide the plant regularly to maintain control.

Rhizome roots are found in Alocasia. The plant will benefit from the extra water stored in the roots. Propagation of an Alocasia is accomplished by removing a section of the root and planting it in soil.

A new plant will emerge from the rhizome if given enough time and the right conditions.

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Pests And Diseases Affecting Alocasia Plant Growth

Root rot, crown rot, stem rot, leaf spot, and Xanthomonas are the most common diseases that affect Alocasia. Spider mites (especially red ones) and scale insects can also pose a threat.

In most cases, excess soil or air humidity is to blame.

Bacteria cause root, crown, or stem rot, in which a portion of the plant decomposes. Only in the presence of excessive humidity do these pests have the ability to harm the plant. Rot in the crown and stem can be seen clearly.

Parts of the plant will first become soft and yellow, then brown and lacerated, as you can see. Rot in the roots is akin, but it’s harder to see because it occurs underground. The most hazardous condition is root rot.

Remove the rotting tissue with a sharp and sterile blade in all cases. In particular, aerate the roots and use sulfur powder to treat root rot.

Your Alocasia’s leaves are infected with Xanthomonas, spread by microscopic bacteria. Changes in color and laceration will occur in the leaves. Using a sterile knife, remove the diseased leaves.

When a healthy plant is infected, it loses its resistance to other diseases and becomes more susceptible. Spraying the leaves with a solution of water and Castile soap dehydrates them effectively.


Is Alocasia Poisonous?

Alas, Alocasiais a very poisonous plant! No part of the plant should be consumed. Humans, cats, dogs, horses, and any other type of animal that might be infected with it are at serious risk. Rather than being “just poisonous,” this substance is lethal and can cause death.

Alocasia’s sap is also irritating. As a result, if it comes into contact with your skin, it may result in an allergic reaction.

The plant’s leaves, which have sharp edges, should also be avoided. In some cases, they can pierce and irritate your skin and wounds, depending on the species.

Why Are My Alocasia Leaves Drooping?

Over or under watering, pests, lack of light, or a lack of nutrients in the soil can all lead to droopy leaves. Determine whether your watering schedule needs to be re-evaluated.

The Alocasia prefers slightly dry soil between waterings. After that, think about the amount of light in its location.  Is the weather getting warmer or more relaxed?

The light source may be too far away. If none of these apply, it may be outgrown the pot it was in. If you have an Alocasia, you may want to consider expanding the pot’s size and re-soiling it.

Alocasia Frydek’s drooping leaves provide an excellent example of underwatering. As you can see, the leaf has turned yellow and is losing its shape. 

I Think My Alocasia May Have Spider Mites; What Do I Do?

There is no doubt that spider mites are an inevitable part of caring for Alocasia plants, as any collector will tell you.

Get the plant out of the rest of your collection and put it in a separate area. Rinse the plant’s leaves and stems with soapy water, then apply Neem oil.

Finally, when you return your Alocasia to its original location, raise the humidity level around it.

Regular misting and a nearby pebble tray can help keep spider mites at bay because they thrive in dry environments. 

My Alocasia Lost All Its Leaves! Should I Throw It Out?

There’s still a glimmer of hope, though! It is unusual for low-light tropical plants to recover after losing all of their leaves, but Alocasias are an exception.

This is because of the energy stored in the thick tubers of their roots. If your Alocasia requires some TLC, we suggest moving it outside in the spring or summer to a shady location. 

Why Are There Spots On The Leaves?

Alocasias can spot when exposed to tap water because of their salt, mineral, and chlorine content. Before watering the plant, let the water sit for at least 24 hours in a bucket or watering can. Some of the unwelcome substances will be able to escape this way. Instead, use water that has been distilled.

How Often Should I Fertilize My Plant?

Fertilizing house plants in the spring, summer, and fall is generally a good idea. Once a month, apply an organic houseplant fertilizer by the package’s dilution and administration instructions.

GreeneryUnlimited uses an organic potting mix with a slow-release fertilizer in the soil. Your plant will not need fertilizer within the first six months of receiving it but may benefit from small doses.

How Often Should I Repot My Plant?

We recommend repotting small desktop plants every 12-18 months. Most gardeners opt for a potting container diameter of 1 to 2 inches larger to accommodate growth. If you use a significantly larger pot than the previous one, the plant’s roots may be drowned.

Maintaining the current size of your plant, repot it into the same container with new soil, and trim back some roots and foliage. It is best to report when the plant is most potent in spring or summer.

If you plan to grow your plants, you’ll need a pot at least 2 to 4 inches larger in diameter. If you use a significantly larger pot than the previous one, the plant’s roots may be drowned. Maintaining the current size of your plant, repot it into the same container with new soil, and trim back some roots and foliage. It is best to report when the plant is most potent in spring or summer.

How Do You Care For Alocasia Indoors?

Alocasias prefer temperatures between 65 and 85 degrees, so keep indoor temperatures above 60 degrees. Prevent cold drafts and sudden temperature changes. During the spring and summer, fertilize your indoor plants once a month with a liquid fertilizer such as our All-Purpose Fertilizer.

How Often Do You Water Alocasia?

The soil in Alocasasia Polly is kept moist but not soggy by weekly watering sessions and frequent misting sessions. To avoid root rot and overwatering in winter, let the top 2′ of soil dry between waterings.

Can Alocasia Survive Indoors?

To thrive, Alocasia requires a moist environment with plenty of water if it is going to grow. Under this plant, a pebble tray is needed. You should have a bright, diffuse light source for your Alocasia indoor plant. The leaves will burn if you expose them directly to the sun.

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Should I Cut Dead Leaves Off Alocasia?

The oldest leaves will naturally begin to yellow and droop as they age. Usually, only one leaf at a time will become infected, and it will be the lowest leaf on the plant. Although the leaves will fall off on their own, you will need to trim them as close to the base as possible to keep your plant display looking stunning.

Is Alocasia An Air Purifier?

We also use Elephant Ear plants (Alocasias and Colocasia), Dracaenas, Ficus, and Calatheas for air purification at Logee’s. On the NASA list, these varieties were also included.

How Can You Save Overwatered Alocasia?

  1. Make sure you move your plant to a shady area, even a full-sun plant.
  2. If possible, create additional air space around the roots of your pot by checking for proper drainage.
  3. You should water only when the soil is dry to the touch but not too dry.
  4. If necessary, treat with a fungicide.

Can I Propagate An Alocasia Leaf?

Aloe vera should be propagated in spring or early summer when the plant is just emerging from dormancy. With a shovel, carefully dig around the plant and remove it from the ground. Dig a minimum of 12 inches (30 cm.) around the plant to avoid damaging the roots or rhizomes.

Why Do Alocasia Leaves Curl?

Lack of appropriate plant care is the leading cause of curled leaves in Alocasia. It’s highly likely that the plant leaves are curling because they’re not getting enough light. They’re being overwatered or underwater, have a potassium deficiency, have a pest infestation, have low humidity levels, or even over-fertilize.

Can I Put My Alocasia Outside?

For growing outside all year in Zones 10 and 11, they can be stored as bulb-like tubers replanted in the next growing season or as potted plants when temperatures drop.

Why Is My Alocasia Turning Purple?

When a plant is nutritionally deficient, it frequently displays symptoms of potassium deficiency. A magnesium-deficient plant turns purple. On the other hand, Alocasia may have a potassium deficiency. The leaves of your plant will curl if it is suffering from it.

How Long Do Alocasia Plants Live?

1-2 years on average in an apartment. In a greenhouse, up to 15 years under optimal conditions. This plant prefers heat.

How Do You Make Alocasia Leaves Shiny?

Here’s how to make them shine in 5 easy steps

  1. A mixture of milk. Using equal parts of milk and water, wipe plant leaves with the mixture.
  2. Soap and Water
  3. Mayonnaise
  4. Banana Peels
  5. Commercial Waxes

Can You Plant Alocasia In The Ground?

The soil must also remain moist and not completely dry out for Alocasasia to flourish. Before you plant, add 2 to 4 inches of compost to the site to help retain moisture and provide organic matter. Avoid sandy soil that dries out quickly and drains easily.

What Does A Dormant Alocasia Look Like?

Identifying dormancy signs is essential to care for the plant properly: Indoor Alocasias often stop growing in the fall due to light and temperature changes. The leaves become dull and slack but do not entirely die.

Can Alocasia Grow From Bulb?

Thanks! When repotting or transferring an Alocasia to water, you’ll often find round-shaped bulbs in the soil. Once you’ve removed the bulbs, you can plant them directly into a well-draining soil (ideally one that includes a little perlite and sand).

How Fast Does Alocasia Grow?

The Alocasia plant is an evergreen perennial that overgrows under ideal conditions. A large plant can produce one or two new leaves a month, while a young plant grows slowly.

Is Alocasia Hard To Care For?

Although plants can be intimidating to some, there is no need to be concerned. Most indoor plants are low maintenance and easy to care for as long as the fundamentals are followed. You’ll quickly realize that the Alocasia is an extraordinary tropical plant for indoors.

Should I Mist My Alocasia?

The soil in Alocasasia Polly is kept moist but not soggy by weekly watering sessions and frequent misting sessions. To avoid root rot and overwatering in winter, let the top 2′ of soil dry between waterings.

How Do You Bring Alocasia Back To Life?

When you water your Alocasia plant, make sure the top 1-2 inches of soil are dry. Make sure your Alocasia plant is planted in well-drained pots and soil. Furthermore, you should provide her with 6-8 hours of indirect sunlight and a temperature of 65-85°F.

How Do You Know When Alocasia Is Dying?

The first sign of a dying leaf is that the stem softens, leaving the leaf awkwardly out. Secondly, the leaf becomes yellow around the edges and then in the middle. The leaf will not recover once it starts yellowing.

What Soil Does An Alocasia Need?

The soil is the essential component of proper Alocasia plant care. The soil should be porous, and a good mix would be one part soil, one part perlite or coarse potting sand, and one part peat. The potting mix must be well aerated, well-drained, and remain moist.

Do Alocasia Like Coffee Grounds?

Do houseplants appreciate coffee grounds? Yes! Coffee grounds can benefit houseplants if used as mulch, pesticide, compost, or fertilizer. Coffee grounds can even be used to water plants.

Therefore, The alocasia plant is an easy-to-care-for houseplant that will add a touch of greenery to any room. Its large leaves and attractive shape are a great way to bring the outdoors inside.

With its exciting leaves and vibrant colors, it is sure to brighten up any room. So, if you want to make it part of your home’s beauty, go through this complete Alocasia Planting Guide first.

They can transform your living room, terrace, or garden into a lush and exotic tropical haven with their showy, glossy, and sometimes even colossal leaves. 

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