How To Care Kalanchoe Plant?

Kalanchoe plants are well-known for their beauty and resilience and make a great addition to any home.

Kalanchoes are a type of succulent plant that is native to Madagascar. They are easy to care for and have beautiful, long-lasting blooms. Kalanchoes are also known to keep away pests, making them an excellent choice for indoor gardens.

However, kalanchoes are toxic if eaten by pets, so be sure to keep them out of reach. With proper care, kalanchoes can thrive indoors or outdoors.

Kalanchoe is a relatively hands-off succulent, making it an ideal plant for those new to indoor gardening. Kalanchoe grows well in a variety of temperatures but avoids frost. 

Kalanchoe Plant Characteristics

Kalanchoes are among the best flowering houseplants because of their versatility and reliability. The leaves have a glossy appearance, and the flowers last a long time.

Typically, the plants mature between 8 and 12 inches tall and wide. Since they bloom best during the transition from winter to spring, their bloom cycle depends on day length. In the beginning, the blooming cycle lasts for a few weeks or even months.

The longevity and ease of care of kalanchoes make them ideal gifts. Originally from Madagascar, Kalanchoe plants now grow in a wide range of temperate climates.

The Kalanchoe plant is known for its healing properties and ease of care. Cuts and bruises can be treated with leaves, and the flowers are sometimes used in traditional medicine.

Adding kalanchoes to your home will make it a beautiful and valuable addition.

Caring Kalanchoe Plant

When it comes to kalanchoe care, less is more. These low-maintenance plants thrive when you follow the following simple tips.

Light

A lot of light is needed for Kalanchoe plants grown indoors to bloom. The best place for them is in a room with an abundance of bright, natural light. 

They shouldn’t be exposed to direct sunlight because it will burn the leaves and prevent them from blooming. Generally speaking, Kalanchoe should be grown indoors at temperatures between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit (15.5 to 29 Celsius). 

Its bloom cycle begins when it receives at least 14 hours of darkness every day for approximately six weeks. 

The plant won’t start to bloom until about four months later. If the plant receives enough winter darkness to reset the bloom cycle, it may be possible to keep it in bloom for almost the entire year. You can enjoy lovely blooms almost all year long if you give your Kalanchoe plant the right amount of light!

Watering 

The Kalanchoes are succulent plants, so they do not require a lot of water to thrive. The soil should be allowed to dry completely between waterings in order to prevent weed growth.

Make sure you wait until the first few inches or centimeters of soil are completely dry before watering your plant. Ensure that you do not get any water on the leaves because this will cause blemishes and rot on the leaves.

When watering your plants from the bottom, you are ensuring that they get the water they need through capillary action while protecting the leaves at the same time.

The only thing you need to keep in mind is to not leave the plant submerged in water for too long. It needs to be given a drink, and then it should be returned to its usual position after getting a drink.

There is a possibility that you may be underwatering your Kalanchoe if you notice that the leaves are wilting and appear limp. Likewise, overwatering can have the same effect as underwatering. 

Keeping an eye on the base of the plant through the foliage can help you spot problems before they worsen, so don’t overwater.

It is possible for kalanchoe plants to thrive and produce beautiful blooms for many years with the right care.

Fertilizer

Although kalanchoe plants are simple to grow, they require the proper fertilizer to flourish. Your kalanchoe plants will grow big and strong if you feed them with a fertilizer that is appropriately balanced.

In the spring and summer, fertilize once a month. However, avoid fertilizing in the winter. Change to a fertilizer with more phosphorus if flowering is scarce.

Soil

When planting Kalanchoe plants, there are many things to consider. For starters, they prefer well-drained soil.

While indoor plants require potting soil that drains well, outdoor plants thrive in well-drained, sandy soil.

When growing kalanchoes indoors, it’s a good idea to use a clay pot because it aids in wicking excess moisture from the soil.

Indoor plants should be potted in a mixture with little moisture retention, like 60 percent peat moss and 40 percent perlite, or potting soil and cactus mix split 50/50.

Humidity and Temperature

The Kalanchoe is a very tolerant indoor plant that does well in almost any environment. It is not as particular about its surroundings as other indoor houseplants are.

You only need to keep it from freezing to create the ideal indoor climate because it thrives in temperatures between 55 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Air humidity is not a concern for kalanchoe plants. Outside zones 10 to 12, Kalanchoe won’t survive below 55 degrees Fahrenheit and won’t last long if exposed to frost, making them a poor choice for outdoor gardens. In cold climates, temperatures as low as 30 °F may prevent their growth outside.

The Kalanchoe can be left outside in the spring and summer if you live somewhere with warm winters and cool summers. It needs to be brought back inside before the first fall frost.

The Kalanchoe is a very resilient plant that can endure various growing circumstances. However, with the proper attention, it will function at its peak. To ensure that your kalanchoe plant thrives, heed the advice below.

Pruning Kalanchoe Plants

Pruning kalanchoe bushes is an excellent way to promote new growth and keep your plant healthy.

A kalanchoe plant’s stems can be pinched to help it keep its shape and produce more flowers.

Additionally, pruning aids in regulating the size of your plant. Use clean, well-kept shears or knives when pruning. As new growth will grow here, make sure to prune above a leaf node.

Kalanchoe plants can be pruned as necessary, but avoid over-pruning as this can harm the plant.

Propagating Kalanchoe

Kalanchoe is achingly simple to grow, which is helpful to the plant’s vitality. As the mother kalanchoe ages, it generates offsets that can damage it.

You may propagate the offsets (or take stem cuttings) at any moment, rather than allowing them to leech nutrients from the mature plant.

To propagate Kalanchoe by offsets, snip the offset away from the main plant with a sharp, sterile knife. It’s best to do this when the offset has rooted itself somewhat into the potting soil; that way, you can pot it up without worrying about disturbing delicate root systems.

Kalanchoe can also be propagated from stem cuttings. Again, use a sharp, sterile knife to take a 4-6″ cutting from the main plant.

Allow the cut surface to callous for a day or two, then pot it. Keep the cutting moist but not soggy until it begins to generate new growth, at which point you can reduce watering somewhat.

Common Problems With Kalanchoe

Kalanchoes are simple to maintain and require little care, but issues may occur when they are not watered correctly or if they endure temperature fluctuations.

Soft, damaged blooms and leaves

Plants’ leaves and blooms are frequently damaged when temperatures drop to near or below zero degrees Fahrenheit. Keep these plants at temperatures above 50 degrees Fahrenheit to get the best performance.

Wilting

Heat stress can cause leaves to wilt. Keep these plants below 80 degrees Fahrenheit, the optimum temperature range.

Drab or Burned Leaves

Light is essential for attractive plants. The leaves will lose their glossy green color if exposed to too little light. You may get burned leaves if you expose kalanchoes to too much direct sunlight indoors. Indoor kalanchoes will thrive in a location that receives a lot of bright indirect light but not too much direct sunlight.

Soft, fragile stems

The most common problem with Kalanchoe is overwatering or growing it in a medium that retains water. Root and stem rot is possible if the plants get too wet. If you detect this issue, hold off on watering until the plant has recovered.

Failure to Bloom

When a kalanchoe does not bloom, it is usually because it did not get enough winter darkness to reset its bloom cycle. To bloom, these plants require a six-week period of total darkness every six weeks during the winter months.

Potential pest issues

Scale, mealybugs, aphids, and spider mites are the most likely indoor plant pests to attack your Kalanchoe. These pests are all tiny and can be difficult to spot until they’ve done some damage.

You’ll need to take action immediately if you see any of these pests on your plants. The first step is to isolate the affected plant from your other plants. This will prevent the pests from spreading.

Next, you’ll need to identify the specific pest causing the problem. This can be tricky, as all of these pests look very similar. Once you’ve identified the pest, you can treat it accordingly.

Scale and mealybugs can be treated with a bar of insecticidal soap or neem oil. These products are safe to use on plants and will kill the pests without harming your plant.

Aphids can be treated with a strong blast of water from the hose or using insecticidal soap or neem oil.

Spider mites are notoriously difficult to get rid of. You may need to try a few treatments before finding one that works. Insecticidal soap, neem oil, and pyrethrin effectively against spider mites. You can also try using a powerful vacuum to remove them from your plant.

Potting and Repotting Kalanchoe

If you have a kalanchoe growing out of its current pot or want to transplant it into something more excellent, wait until the plant has finished flowering before moving it. You will need a pot that is slightly larger than the current one and one that has drainage holes. The soil should be able to drain thoroughly between waterings to avoid rotting.

When repotting, use a potting mix formulated for succulents that contain some grit to help drainage. You could add a bit of perlite or vermiculite to a houseplant potting mix.

After transplanting, water the Kalanchoe well and let the soil dry out completely before watering again. This will help to prevent root rot.

If you are transplanting into a larger pot, you may need to stake the plant to keep it from toppling over until it gets established. Once established, kalanchoes are relatively low-maintenance plants and will not require much care beyond the occasional repotting.

Safety Considerations

There are many different safety issues with succulents. Since the kalanchoe cultivar has a low allergy rating, allergy sufferers should consider it highly. However, they contain substances that harm dogs, cats, and birds. The same caution and care should be taken when growing any indoor plant. Kalanchoes should not be kept around young children or animals that might eat them. Before bringing kalanchoes into your home, please speak with your doctor or veterinarian if you have any concerns.

FAQs

Do you have a question that wasn’t addressed above? 

Continue reading to learn more about how to grow kalanchoe plants.

How to prolong kalanchoe blooms and encourage them to rebloom?

All those tiny blossoms on a kalanchoe will eventually bloom if you remove all of them. Use a sharp, clean pair of scissors to snip away blooms at the base of the cluster. Kalanchoe has stunning succulent leaves when it isn’t in flower.

To have your kalanchoe plant rebloom, you’ll need to fool it by simulating shorter days. This is why it’s known as a “short-day plant,” like your Thanksgiving cactus. Time this with the shift in seasons, as the days grow shorter in late autumn. Water the plant less frequently over a period of

Only eight or nine hours of sunlight should be allowed to the plants. Please put it in a closet in complete darkness for the rest of the time. If flower buds start to form, return your houseplant to its average light level. You may also resume watering the plant at this stage. 

How long can a kalanchoe live?

Kalanchoe can survive as long as its fundamental requirements are satisfied. Many potted century-old kalanchoe plants exist.

Do kalanchoe plants work well in mixed containers?

Most of the time, Kalanchoe is grown in a container alone, but it also goes well with other succulents such as aloe and jade when planted together in big pots. They’re frequently grown on patios with sedums and other creeping plants.

Kalanchoe Planting Instructions

Kalanchoe is a member of the Crassulaceae family, many of which are grown as houseplants because they thrive in dry conditions. The genus contains around 200 species, all native to Madagascar.

Slow-growing plants, on the other hand, are usually propagated from cuttings, resulting in a faster recovery. However, they’re pretty easy to grow from seeds. In early spring, sow the seeds onto the surface of a porous potting mix; do not cover them since they will germinate only if exposed to light.

Keep the container in a plastic bag to increase humidity, which takes around two weeks. Remove the bag and grow seedlings under intense light once the soil surface has dried. When plants are large enough to handle, transplant them into individual pots.

Kalanchoe is a low-maintenance plant that’s easy to grow indoors. It prefers bright light but can tolerate lower light levels. Allow the soil to dry out between waterings and fertilize monthly during the growing season. Kalanchoes are not heavy feeders, so be sure to use a fertilizer labeled for use on succulents or cacti.

Kalanchoe is often grown as a houseplant but can also be planted outdoors in frost-free gardens. In warm climates, kalanchoes can be grown as perennials; in colder areas, they’re typically grown as annuals.

How to Get Kalanchoe to Bloom?

If you’re new to gardening, Kalanchoe can be a great plant to start with. These plants are relatively low-maintenance and can be easy to get to bloom. To get your Kalanchoe to bloom, ensure it receives plenty of sunlight—at least six to eight hours per day.

During the fall and winter, it’s also essential to give the plant near-total darkness for 14 hours each day. This will allow the plant to store energy so it can bloom again. Once they’re spent, deadheading the flowers is also beneficial in promoting continual flowering.

If you’re having trouble getting your Kalanchoe to bloom, look for fertilizer high in phosphorus. This will help the plant produce more buds when it begins to bloom again. With a bit of care, you can enjoy beautiful blooms from your Kalanchoe all year round.

Is a kalanchoe plant indoor or outdoor?

A kalanchoe is a beautiful indoor plant for a sunny location, such as a south-facing window or sunroom. It can also be kept outside on a patio during the summer, but don’t put it out until nighttime temperatures fall below 40 degrees.

How do you care for a kalanchoe plant indoors?

Watering aloe plants is painless because they require little water and intense light. Water when the soil becomes dry to a depth of 1.5 inches, and feed during the growing season. They are easy-to-grow succulents that thrive on modest water and intense lighting.

How do I get my Kalanchoe to bloom again?

It takes 14 hours of continuous labor each week for six weeks to induce flower bud development. After that, blooming occurs within four months in most climates. In regions with a temperate climate, spring and fall are the seasons when this happens naturally. To conserve energy, remove faded flowers after the first bloom period.

Do kalanchoe plants need sun?

Kalanchoes require a lot of direct or indirect sunshine. Inadequate light causes problems with growth and development.

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